A summary of hydraulic fracturing
Hydraulic fracturing and potential oil pipelines threaten water quality with susceptible contamination. Hydraulic fracturing collects natural gas from shale basins by injecting millions of gallons of highly contaminated fracturing fluid into ground penetrating pipes at high pressure. Pipes are bored to a depth where the input of pressurized fluid forces decompression of the overlying landmass thereby creating fractures that allow accessibility to previously constrained oil and gas. Hydraulic fracturing not only requires extensive amounts of freshwater, but also contaminates it in the process. Additionally, the byproducts of hydraulic fracturing can enter neighboring freshwater resources if cracks from the fracturing intersect with geologically inherent fractures. Despite the common conscious awareness of hydraulic fracturing’s extensive environmental implications, the process is injudiciously protected from numerous environmental health regulations by political ambiguities.